John Wesley

John Wesley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Wesley (/ˈwɛsli, ˈwɛzli/;[1] 28 June [O.S. 17 June] 1703 – 2 March 1791) was an Anglican divine and theologian who, with his brother Charles Wesley and fellow cleric George Whitefield, is credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism. His work and writings also played a leading role in the development of the Holiness movement and Pentecostalism.

Educated at Charterhouse School and Oxford University, Wesley was elected a fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford in 1726 and ordained a priest two years later. Returning to Oxford in 1729 after serving as curate at his father's parish, he led the Holy Club, a club for the purpose of study and the pursuit of a devout Christian life; it had been founded by his brother Charles, and counted John Whitefield among its members. After an unsuccessful ministry of two years at Savannah in the Georgia Colony, Wesley returned to London and joined a religious society led by Moravian Christians. On 24 May 1738 he experienced what has come to be called his evangelical conversion, when he felt his "heart strangely warmed". He subsequently departed with the Moravians, beginning his own ministry.

A key step in the development of Wesley's ministry was, like Whitefield, to travel and preach outdoors. In contrast to Whitefield's Calvinism, however, Wesley embraced the Arminian doctrines that dominated the Church of England at the time. Moving across Great Britain, North America and Ireland, he helped to form and organise small Christian groups that developed intensive and personal accountability, discipleship and religious instruction. Most importantly, he appointed itinerant, unordained evangelists to travel and preach as he did and to care for these groups of people. Under Wesley's direction, Methodists became leaders in many social issues of the day, including prison reform and abolitionism.

Although he was not a systematic theologian, Wesley argued for the notion of Christian perfection and against Calvinism – and, in particular, against its doctrine of predestination. He held that, in this life, Christians could achieve a state where the love of God "reigned supreme in their hearts", giving them outward holiness. His evangelicalism, firmly grounded in sacramental theology, maintained that means of grace were the manner by which God sanctifies and transforms the believer, encouraging people to experience Jesus Christ personally.

Throughout his life, Wesley remained within the established Anglican church, insisting that the Methodist movement lay well within its tradition. Although sometimes maverick in his interpretation and use of church policy, he became widely respected and, by the end of his life, had been described as "the best loved man in England".

Works by this author

Language: Magyar

A keresztyén tökéletesség világos leírása

John Wesley
John Wesley

John Wesley (1703-1791). Amint azt John Wesley tiszteletes hitte és tanította 1725-től 1777-ig.

Hungarian
Type: 
Book

John Wesley: Prédikációk

John Wesley

John Wesley 52 alapprédikációit tartalmazó sorozat három kötetben.

I. kötet: 19 elsősorban teológiai témákat feldolgozó prédikációt tartalmaz.

268 oldal, 143×205 mm, cérnafűzött

Tartalom

I. Üdvösség hit által

II. A majdnem-keresztyén

Hungarian
Type: 
Book
Language: Nederlands

De bekering van gelovigen (Preek 14)

John Wesley

Nederlandse vertaling van John Wesleys De bekering van gelovigen (Preek 14). De originele, Engelse preek kan hier worden geraadpleegd. "Bekeert u en gelooft het evangelie" (Markus 1:15).

(Dutch translation of John Wesley's The Repentance of Believers (Sermon 14) by Hans Deventer. The original, english sermon may be accessed here. "Repent ye, and believe the gospel." Mark 1:15.)

Dutch
Type: 
Sermon

De katholieke gezindheid (Preek 39)

John Wesley
Antonie Holleman

Nederlandse vertaling van John Wesleys De katholieke gezindheid (Preek 39), met een voorwoord van de Publikatieraad en een inleiding van Antonie Holleman. De originele, Engelse preek kan hier worden geraadpleegd. "Nadat hij vandaar verder gegaan was, trof hij Jonadab, de zoon van Rekab aan, die hem tegemoet kwam; hij groette hem en vroeg hem: Is uw hart mij even oprecht toegedaan als mijn hart u? Jonadab antwoordde: Ja, gewis. (Toen zeide hij:) Indien het zo is, geef mij dan uw hand" (2 Koningen 10:15).

Dutch
Type: 
Sermon

De Schriftuurlijke weg der verlossing (Preek 43)

John Wesley

Nederlandse vertaling van John Wesleys De Schriftuurlijke weg der verlossing (Preek 43), met een voorwoord van de Publikatieraad en een inleiding van de vertaler. De originele, Engelse preek kan hier worden geraadpleegd. "Door genade zijt gij behouden, door het geloof" (Efeze 2:8).

Dutch
Type: 
Sermon

Over het bewerken van onze eigen behoudenis (Preek 85)

John Wesley

Nederlandse vertaling van John Wesleys Over het bewerken van onze eigen behoudenis (Preek 85). De originele, Engelse preek kan hier worden geraadpleegd. "Bewerkt uw eigen behoudenis met vreze en beven: want het is God die in u werkt zowel het willen als het werken om zijn welbehagen" (Filippenzen 2:12-13).

Dutch
Type: 
Sermon
Language: Português

Explicação Clara da Perfeição Cristã

John Wesley
Explicação Clara da Perfeição Cristã

Este texto foi editado pela Imprensa Metodista em 1933, com o título “Explicação Clara da Perfeição Cristã.”

Essa reedição foi ampliada e atualizada por Marilia Ferreira Leão, com base no original inglês “A Plain Account of Christian Perfection” publicado por The Epworth Press – Londres, 1952.

Portuguese
Type: 
Book
Language: Shqip

Një shtjellim i hollësishëm rreth përsosmërisë së krishterë

John Wesley
Një shtjellim i hollësishëm rreth përsosmërisë së krishterë
John Wesley

Në këtë tekst themelor, Xhon Uesli (John Wesley) regjistron hapat e udhëtimit të tij për të kuptuar dhe pranuar doktrinën e përsosmërisë së krishterë, e njohur gjithashtu si doktrina e shenjtërisë. Ai tërheq së bashku me reflektimet personale, predikime, himne, dëshmi, dhe pyetje - përgjigje për shpjegime doktrinare në formën e portretit të një jete të dashurisë së përsosur. Asnjë nga deklaratat e shenjtërisë së Ueslit nuk janë më gjithëpërfshirëse dhe përfaqësuese sesa ato që ai ka shkruar në “Një shtjellim i hollësishëm rreth përsosmërisë së krishterë” në 1777.

Albanian
Type: 
Book

Pages